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When Should I Start Preparing for IIT?

9th Standard IIT JEE

I remember back in 2006, IIT JEE administration introduced a stringent rule which allows maximum two attempts for an aspirant to get into IIT JEE. The step was taken in order to curb the number of students who get into IIT by preparing again and again for 3, 4 or even 5 years. It was infusing not the actual talented persons in the premier institutes. But, those who practice the pattern for more than 2 years and then, show their excellence over junior by way of extra practice. It was always criticized that the pattern and syllabus of IIT JEE is not suitable to be covered within a span of 2 years. But, there are always a lot many students who used to get in IIT JEE in first attempt. Proper guidance, proper time management and dedication towards study is ultimate requirement other than primary requirement of a sharp mind to get in first attempt.

However, the step affected the coaching institution in a big way. As the number of aspirant taking part in the exam reduced drastically for 2007. A new concept came in the market. It was to be The Early Bird. Aim early, take time and then take the shot. It was to start preparing for IIT from 9th standard itself rather than 11th. The concept was not totally new. I remember in 1999 when I was in 9th standard Brilliant Tutorial had a Foundation Correspondence Course for IIT JEE. But, it was not a popular course. Once the director of my coaching class told me that he gets 1 or 2 student each year who comes to join the coaching class to prepare for IIT JEE, where more than 500 students used to enroll in a year. The idea was not so popular as why to put pressure before 10th, if you have enough time after 12th to clear IIT JEE.

Now, after 2006 the concept became popular, may be due to giving popularity by the coaching institute administrators or by the parents who wants their child to be an IITian, but likes to reduce pressure from them. Anyhow, here I’m going to discuss, whether correct time to start the preparation for IIT should start when the aspirant is in 9th standard only.

As far as the positive side is concerned, I see only one benefit, you get much more time to go through every portion of the syllabus. However, I would like to look through all the negative features too.

Self-level is Low

When you have just entered the 9th standard, your level is not adequate to grasp concepts of 11th standard. Even if you are one of the brightest student, it is not going to be easy to understand the concepts of 11th std, leave JEE Advanced standards. But, if you could finish at least 9th std syllabus till 8th. Then, you could think to cover 10th syllabus within months in 9th, say 4 months. Afterwards, study for a year for JEE Advanced. Then, once again start the preparation of 10th, 6 months prior to 10th board. The syllabus of 9th is based on 8th; 10th on 9th; 11th, 12th on 9th & 10th and finally of JEE Advanced on 11th & 12th. It is not a course of the meal which could be ate in any order or a could even be skipped.

First Big Hurdle of Life

Ask any student in school, their first dream in life is to appear and get good marks in 10th board. It is a very important step in life. Many students first time in their life compete with thousands of others in one go. A lot depends on its marks. Before 10th the competition always lies within the boundaries of the school. Those who are ambitious knows the level of their competitor within school. But, 10th board place you with unknown competitors in unknown quantity. Most of the student fear a lot from 10th board than 12th board or any other examinations ahead.

The nervousness for such an important exam is well known. Everything should be perfect and flawless. Hence, it is not easy to divert the concentration and mind from such an important goal.

Young Age

At the age of 13 or 14, a boy is at a very young age to foresee and plan their future. The fun of life will vanish from the life of young kids once they go through the tough preparation of JEE Advanced. They are not matured to take decisions or make strategies. A proper time table with perfect strategy is to be drawn before commencing such preparation.

A Good Counselor

You need a very good counselor who could guide and coach you personally. The steps to be taken needs professional touch with knowledge and understanding of each and every portion of both JEE and 10th.

My Suggestions

If you have decided that you are going to become engineer from a premier institute in India and you can sacrifice your time and can manage the stiff time table. I’m not going to stop you, as “Only Brave Wins the Race”. Success needs talent, aim, dedication, sacrifice, hard work and strategy. Luck could be a factor, but its role could be minimized. I’m going to give a plan of action in detail which would give you an edge over those who are going to start the preparation of JEE Advanced after 10th. I am assuming:

  • You have just gone to 9th std.
  • You are going to attend all the classes in your school.
  • You have 2 years in hand before 10th board.
  • Apart from school you are going to get 6-8 hours of time for self-study. Devote 1-2 to hours at max for school home work. Rest for this plan, min 5 hours.
  • You will get 6 hours of sleep on weekdays and 8-9 on weekend.
  • You are relying on self-study not on coaching or tuition.
  • You are brave and ready to take the pressure. Also, you should be ready to sacrifice fun for study.

If you have any doubts about any of these ask me.

Step 1: Clear 9th and 10th Syllabus

This step is going to be of 5-6 months. In this step, you will cover the syllabus of 9th, then 10th both for Physics, Chemistry and Maths. As I have already said you can’t skip syllabus of any class and look ahead. You have to wrap up the syllabus as fast as you can. Remember, the syllabus would be completed in school too in a span of two years. So, you would get an edge their, which may help you perform better in term exams. Choose the same books which are followed in school. For numerical problems, you should solve each one of them carefully. For conceptual topics, don’t try to mug up concepts, but rather try to give answers to every questions asked at the end of the chapter.

If you could find a senior who could clear your doubts, it would be very good. Discuss the doubts once in every week, preferably on weekend. It would be very good if senior is in 11th or 12th preparing for JEE Advanced. During this step you have to know more and more about the pattern of JEE Advanced. A lot of students fail in clearing JEE Advanced as they spend time in wrong direction misguidedly. The more you know about it, the better it is going to be. You can also read more about JEE on internet.

If you have a group who are also preparing for JEE, discuss with them the topics and understandings. Min. 5 hours each day would be sufficient. If a term exam comes in between, take one week break before term exam and resume after the exam. Your objective here in this step is to cover the concept of 9th and 10th rather than passing 10th board based on it.

Step 2: Get Closer to JEE Level

You must be knowing that the level of JEE Advanced is higher than 12th level. You are not going to study till JEE level before 10th. It should be done after 10th. However, before passing 10th, I would like you to cover as much 11th and 12th syllabus as much as you can. The step should be stopped 6 months prior to your 10th board to give sufficient time for your board exam. You need books followed in 11th and 12th for Physics, Chemistry and Maths for this step. I would not suggest any book. Better to consult any of your senior for the purpose. But, it is important that the book should be for 11th and 12th rather than for JEE Advanced.

Approach for JEE is quite different from 10th. There are not going to be conceptual questions, like explain the extraction of H2SO4 with design of apparatus or What is a magnetic field. It would be all numerical based, except in Organic and Inorganic Chemistry (Chemistry has three parts after 11th; Physical, Organic and Inorganic; Google it to know more). All the questions would be solved based on some information given and concepts you know. Like

  • 2H2 + O2 = ?,
  • Ken is the star of the cross-country team. During a recent morning run, Ken averaged a speed of 5.8 m/s for 12.9 minutes. Ken then averaged a speed of 6.10 m/s for 7.1 minutes. Determine the total distance which Ken ran during his 20 minute jog.

One by one cover the books of 11th and 12th by solving all the problems. No need to solve JEE level problem at this stage. I think the time would be sufficient and you would be able to cover the syllabus of both 11th and 12th within 8-9 months. For the next 3-4 months, go for revision. Once you are reading books of 11th and 12th. Many a times you would feel the lessons at school to be boring and of low level. But, don’t bunk the school. It is going to be helpful to get acquainted with activity at school and to have some fun time.

After this step, you would be well-versed with syllabus of 11th and 12th. Also, you could join a good coaching for JEE Advanced right after appearing for 10th board. You will definitely understand the advance concepts very easily. 

Step 3: Getting ready for 10th Board

In around October, you should start giving full attention towards the approaching 10th board exam, which normally takes placein March. As you have already covered the syllabus till 12th, you would feel very comfortable with 10th syllabus. Make a good strategy and time table and give full concentration towards secondary examination. Forget about IIT, JEE and its syllabus for next 6 -7 months.

After giving your 10th board, you have both the option to go for a good coaching or do self study. If you are going for self study, start from Step 2 in the article How to prepare for IIT JEE?

I’m open for suggestions and discussions. If you like to share something it would be very nice. You can also share your experience with other aspirants. If you have a doubt better to share with everyone, than just me via a personalized email. As it might help others too. Have a nice day.

How to Prepare for IIT JEE?

Studying-624300Here, I’m suggesting three step process for preparing IIT JEE (for 11th student):

Step 1:

First step is concept building step. In this step you should start reading low level books. By low level books, I do not mean low quality poor books. Low level books are those books which reduce the gap between 10th and JEE level concept. No doubt, these are 11th, 12th level books. These books take very less time to cover. Ideally, 2-3 months is more than enough to cover 11th books and, 1.5 – 2 months for 12th books. Time for 12th level would be less as most of the new concepts which apply brake in understanding are in 11th books. I would suggest go with NCERT books or the books suggested by your school. For those who think the ideal time to cover these books is less. I would like to point out that for IIT JEE level book you have to cover around 3-4 times more pages and 3-4 times harder problems.

You will feel very energetic while solving these problems. Not much depth of theory is needed to solve these books. Theory in the books will be sufficient to solve all the problems.

This step will make you familiar with 11th and 12th std. syllabus. By this step, it will be very easy to read various inter-linked chapters of JEE syllabus. As the problems asked in JEE level books generally need basic knowledge of many different concepts from different chapters. So, overall this Step will take around 4-5 months to complete, i.e., if you have started the preparation in June. Then, till Oct you should have completed this step.

Step 2:

This step is the most important step in the preparation of JEE. In this step, your IIT selection chance will be strengthen or broken. Until now if step 1 is completed ideally. Then, one must have become familiar with near about whole syllabus. Now, you will find it somewhat relatively easy to tackle JEE level concept and problems. In this step read the prescribed books by reading the concepts thoroughly and going through each and every problem. Try to build a firm base of concepts on the basis of problem solving. As much harder and distinct problems you will solve on a concept that much you will become familiar to the concept. Remember IIT asks questions to test your concept understanding. Not on how much you know about any formula. For this step I recommend these books:

  • Math:
    • Arihant books are best and sufficient for all sections. These are up to date and very much systematically written.
    • TMH and Das Gupta are also option. But, those books are now sort of outdated.
  • Physics:
    • H. C. Verma for theory feeds is the best and sufficient. Many people give the suggestion of Resnick Halliday. But, I have found it just a book with nice illustrations. Never found it useful. Even if it might be good. May be due to nice and eye-catching pictures I had never concentrated well on fundas.
    • Arihant’s problem book by D. C. Pandey and Mir Publisher’s Irodov. For Irodov people nowadays say that you don’t need such a hard book for current IIT pattern. But, I found it full of IIT sort of problems. Which is very helpful in solving every problem of IIT level and also for fine tuning the concepts?
  • Chemistry:
    • Arihant’s book for Inorganic chemistry. Just mug it up. Nothing more. It has a good collection of problems too.
    • Organic Chemistry by Solomons & Fryle. Use its solution book side by side. This book is excellent and complete package for JEE. Language is easy. Problems are just like as asked in JEE. Overall, if solution is done side by side with the theory. Best result will surely come out.
    • For Physical or General chemistry I don’t know the best choice. I’ve read this section from 5-6 different sources. I had mainly this S. chand , B. H. Mahan, G.D. Mishra and Brilliants Elite course.
    • R.C.Mukerjee is a good book. But, try different JEE level problem book for Physical section.

This step will take more than 1 year. You should have to cover this step 2-3 months before your board exam. Solve as much problems as you can. This is the step which will decide your chances in JEE, plus AIR.

Step 3:

This step will start just after your board exams. After board exam relax for 1-2 days. Try to relax a little. Most important days are coming. Conversion time. Now you have to face the dream exam, IIT JEE.

This step is basically a revision and unison step. In this step you have to regain the touch you lost due to board exam. Also, you have to prepare your mind and body for IIT exam schedule.

Solve the collected problem set of any one publisher. Like problems in mathematics by S.K.Goyal. Else, if time is less. Collect as many question paper set of IIT as possible. And, solve one per day in the same time schedule as for JEE. After each test evaluate your score. Then, go for those problem in which you had not done well or had left or get it wrong. Also, those which you solved just by mere luck, especially in objective test. Try to solve these problems with maximum help of book, so that you could revise the entire concept. Basically by this process you may automatically spend a lot of time on weaker sections or on those section which you can improve by a bit revision. This simple step could improve one’s AIR considerably. If followed ideally then 20 to 30% improvement is sure shot.

There is one more step you can follow if you could not collect so much simulator tests. I’ll discuss about it later sometime.

Best of luck

Addendum:

In the list of the books, I would like to recommend three more books. These are Chapter-wise  Solution book of 33 years IIT JEE problems in Physics, Chemistry and Maths by Arihant Publication. These are best to solve after completing a chapter in step 2.

I’m giving links to articles written by me on similar topics:

  1. Kota: Paradise for IIT JEE Aspirants
  2. Role of Coachings in IIT JEE selection
  3. Hopes Beyond IIT
  4. IIT JEE: What should be the strategy for repeaters?
  5. IIT JEE: What should be Strategy for Partial Droppers?
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Role of Coachings in IIT JEE selection

Indian Institute of technology (IIT) are the most prestigious institutes of India. It’s the dream of every science students to study at IIT. One may get admission at any IIT after clearing a test organised by the all the IITs. It’s called IIT JEE. As there are many students dreaming to study at IIT or be an IITian. The competition is very tough to clear. Almost 350,000 students each year appear in IIT JEE. Out of which nearly 10000 students are selected. We can find coaching institutes every where which helps students to clear IIT JEE. It is a fact that coaching institutes for IIT JEE are more than double in number of total students selected in IIT JEE. So, the question arises naturally. Are these coaching institutes play any role in the selection for IIT JEE?

Coaching institutes for IIT JEE can be found at almost every corner of street in every town of India. Size and strength of students vary at these places. But, all have same purpose to give students guidance for clearing IIT JEE. No doubt many fail to produce even a single IITian in lifetime. A large number of these institutes teach without proper procedure. There are very kind of institutes. Institutes operating with one teacher and one classroom to institutes with branches in every part of the country. Tuition fees in these institutes also vary from institutes to institutes and city to city. We can say it is a business. Apart from collecting taxes from these institutes, government play no role to monitor the benefits of the students. There are no regulations at all. Any one can teach or cheat students with the dream to be future IITian. Let us see the role of coaching institutes in IIT JEE preparation.

We will discuss here role of various types of coaching institutes for various types of students. We will not excluding the dullest students from our group of students. As they are no where around IIT JEE. They should not waste their time for IIT JEE.

1. Big Institutes

In this category, we will discuss about institute which are well-known in every part of India. These institutes have branches in various city. They send a lot of students to IIT each year. Some well-known names are FIITJEE, Brilliant Tutorials (BT), Bansal Classes, Vidya Mandir, Apex Academy, Narayana, Chaitanya, Career Point, Resonance and Akash. These are some of the well-known names. FIITJEE, BT and Bansal Classes stands in front this row. They are renowned institutes which have given the most students to IIT. So, how does they help students to clear IIT JEE. Does they give them a syrup or tonic to drink or eat. No, they don’t. Let’s discuss how they give such a great results year after year.

BT and Bansal are old very institutes. They started and develop the coaching system for IIT JEE. One more name come in the list, Agrawal Classes. These institute since 80′s are teaching for IIT JEE. They develop a study material on the basis of 10th syllabus which could help the student to grasp the concept needed in the IIT JEE exam. In the beginning there were not many names in the market. So, it was easy for them to get quality students and guide them. As the quality students are with them. They produced good results each year.

Currently, these institutes recruit best teachers to guide the students along with good study material. They organize tests and doubt clearance session regularly. Also, they give students bunch of questions to solve after every concept is discussed. Institute concentrate on more and more practice and doubt clearance. On an average, in these institutes students solve 3-4 times more questions than in regular studies. So, by constant practice and doubt clearance, students gain pace and accuracy. This helps them to clear IIT JEE. They don’t have to think a lot about preparation strategy and other tension. Institutes generally take care of every problem. The institute’s think tank keeps a keen eye on the process which help the student in selection. As the institute have money power. They spend it to test their methods and improve if needed to change. They have the best team of teachers. They generally get early signs of changes that could be possible in coming IIT JEE exam. Overall, their methods helps students to develop a bit. No doubt.

Lets see how in the present time these big institutes are for different IQ level students. For IIT JEE, lets see students with intelligence level as intelligent, average, below average and dullest. As we have said earlier we will not discuss about dullest students.

A. Intelligent Students:

These students are those who have the highest chance to be an IITian. In any class of 50, one may find 5-10 students from this category. They are born intelligent and many are laborious too. By proper guidance of these institutes. These people develop themselves to solve the toughest and trickiest questions with ease. They secure high ranks with the help of these institutes.

B. Average Students:

Students in this category are mainly those who are either laborious but not intelligent else intelligent but not laborious. Also, those who are a bit of both intelligent and laborious come in this sections. These students need encouragement and proper guidance to make it to IIT. These institutes give them lots of question to solve. By the practice, environment and luck many students of this group with lower ranks make their way to IIT. Yeah luck is also a factor for them to clear IIT JEE. Even slight mistake in the preparation could cost them an IIT seat.

C. Below Average Students:

This category of students too gets some benefit from these institutes. They are not IIT material. Also, not much good for low-level exams. But, these institutes with lots of practice to them, helps them to clear regional exams. That’s high achievement for them.

Remember, I’ve pointed out that in every aspect these institutes are beneficial for the students. Then, why not every students take admission in these institutes. The reason is simple. They are very much costly too. Yeah, these institutes have a very high fees. Not possible for every one to pay in a country like us. They have full AC class rooms. Their high paying teachers can’t teach in non-AC class rooms. Also, many students who study there are AC addicted. So, they have to keep up an AC environment. Even in some circumstance they give scholarship to poor students. That’s few and selected students. That can’t help everyone. So,lower middle class students who are the most in numbers go for other sort of low fees or local institutes .

2. Local Institutes

By local institute, I mean those institutes which are popular but just in few towns. Like Paradise Institute, Nutan Institute in Patna; Prerna Classes in Tatanagar; JSR Classes in Varanashi; Bakliwal Tutorials in Pune. Every city or town have many such institute which are popular locally. Some them who have big business and some have just. They generally don’t have a regular think tank team to develop strategy. Administration is just in hand of one or two people who are teachers too. Not all but some of them provided printed study material. But, they usually don’t organize weekly test. Daily question’s hand outs. Yeah some of them do. Teachers in these institutes are almost all good. But, due to lack of strategy. They don’t work out as a team.

Lets see how they give benefit to the students.

A. Intelligent Students:

They have the best chance to get in IIT. But, due to lack of strategy and practice. They don’t make it to top ranks in IIT JEE. If we look at the selection every year in IIT. In top 200 these institutes have very less share. Instead of the fact that they are much more in numbers. The reason is simple they lack to develop students. Those who gets selected are due to just guidance and intelligence. Some of them who get right teachers and are extra laborious with intelligence make it to top ranks. But, still all this combination can be replaced with a common word Luck. If the student is lucky they make it to top 100 or 200. Else generally, they fill higher ranks of IIT JEE.

B. Average Students:

Usually average students from these institutes fail to clear IIT JEE. They clear other exams. But, IIT looks far from their reach from such institute. Reason can be seen clearly. There is not a strong administration who have plans for everyone. Institute give no guidance to teacher to take care of everyone. Teachers too like to be more around the sharp brain. They give less extra time for clearing various doubts of these kind of students. With doubts in their mind these students fail to solve the tricky questions of IIT JEE. Many of them secure ranks in regional or other exams.

C. Below Average Students:

Students in this category hardly make any impact in competitive exams from these institutes. Some of the lucky ones gets selected in regional exams.

3. Subject based Tuition

This is the category in which comes subject specific teacher. Institute which teach only one subjects. Actually, these institutes are run by a single teacher. As one single can’t teach all the three subjects. Some even teach sub-subject specific . Mainly, we see them in Chemistry. Teachers who teach Organic avoid inorganic. Some time they just teach organic. Sometime they teach all, but focus only on one of the favorite.

This is the most clustered category of all. Most number of misguided students study in this category. There is no one who makes strategy for them. The teachers take care of just their subject. As there is no coördination between other subject’s teachers. It’s very hard to study inter-related concept. Especially, those portions of Chemistry and Physics which depends on Mathematics. Also, students face timing problem. They have to adjust the time schedule for all three subjects. Not just that, as the classes of each subject have different teacher. They have to run from one place to other for classes. This exhausts the students. Also, it kills valuable time. Sometimes, tiredness causes losing interest in study.

This method of coaching is no doubt beneficial if we consider money. But, else success only depends on luck. It is most widely faced problem. Not all three subjects teacher are liked by the students. For IIT JEE, all three part should be balanced. So, even though one finds best teacher for Math. There is no chance of success, if one can’t find good teacher for Physics and Chemistry too.

The quality of education system is most damaged by this category. Any one who wants to teach for IIT JEE can open institute and misguide others. It is true that the best teachers of India teach through this system. But, it is also true that the number of worst teacher is more than good ones. So, students gets exploited in this system most.

Lets see how this group affects students:

A. Intelligent Students:

All depends on luck. If luck helps and students gets tension free, good teachers in every subject, students can clear JEE. But, that’s the rarest case. Only few are lucky to get all three teachers good. If the student is most brilliant one then only nothing can stop him to get selected. Else miserable chance of selection. Yeah students get selected in various regional or other exams. But, IIT is far from them. Also, one more important point, there is very less hope to get good ranks in IIT JEE. There is no good practice for the students. Some teachers try to give more and more practice, rest is miserable.

B. Average students:

If luck is not with the student very little hope. Even if luck is with students that they get all three good teachers. Almost no hope for IIT JEE. Just a bit hope for regional level exams.

C. Below average students:

Very less chance for these students to get any thing from this system of coaching.

4. Institutes in Kota, Rajasthan

I have discussed about these institutes in detail in my last post. Click Here.

Remarks:

  • It should be you who should decide in which category of student you come.
  • All above is bullshit, if one is laborious and works hard. Laborious and hard-working student can change all the law. So, be laborious nothing will matter much.

I’m giving links to articles written by me on similar topics:

  1. Kota: Paradise for IIT JEE Aspirants
  2. How to Prepare for IIT JEE?
  3. Hopes Beyond IIT
  4. IIT JEE: What should be the strategy for repeaters?
  5. IIT JEE: What should be Strategy for Partial Droppers?

 

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How To Become An Archaeologist

This is a Guest Post contributed by an Anonymous Writer via Postrunner

Become an Archaeologist

Indiana Jones’ Adventures Inspires to Become an Archaeologist

When you think of Archaeology, does Indiana Jones springs to your mind, or long-lost treasure hunters, traveling around the world delving into forgotten tombs and finding lost civilizations. While that is quite possible, that romanticized view of archaeology probably won’t persist very far. Still, Archaeology can be a very attractive field. Some might think of it as a more active form of engaging in historical research, but the truth of the matter is that the field is a sublime melding of the humanities and sciences.A single artifact, like the famed “Rosetta Stone” can dramatically change the viewpoint of a culture to all of humanity.

If you have an interest in the field and you want to become an archaeologist, you have to be willing to put in a great deal of work. One cannot simply walk onto a site and hope for the best – it takes a specific kind of person to become an Archaeologist, and a very specific sort of education to stay competitive.

Become an Archaeologist: The Proper Background

Before considering your education, you should first consider what makes a good prospective archaeologist. First, and perhaps foremost, is a love of learning. Archaeology is a field that requires a great deal of study and further research, and you will spend a great deal of time researching your work findings and learning where they fit in to the established academic hierarchy.

If you have no formal background experience in archaeology (and as a undergrad or grad student you probably won’t), consider the tourism industry as an entry point. Most Archaeology posts in Universities and Colleges are scarce- almost all of look for PHD or equivalent degrees. Museum archaeologists are hired fewer in number now as well. Finally, field archaeology is where the brunt of the workforce seems to be flowing.

Archaeology is a wide field of study and the courses you take needs to reflect that. Chemistry, biology, anthropology, even math and physics all play a great deal in fieldwork and analysis in archaeology.

Beyond a simple love of learning, you will also need to be comfortable with hard physical labor and being outdoors. Most new archaeologists work as “circuit diggers”, spending long hours in the elements seeking to find something of note. If you cannot handle manual labor, you will need to find a different career path.

Become an Archaeologist: The Proper Education

If you want to be an archaeologist, you need to get a degree in archaeology. Most top-rate universities offer such degrees and competition is often quite stiff in the more well-known departments. If you want to make yourself employable after graduation, you should supplement your degree in archaeology with significant studies in a specific field of interest. Picking up a minor or second major in a specific field of history or in anthropology will help you to stand out in a field that is often far more crowded than most realize.

Unfortunately, the right background and education do not always a professional archaeologist make. Getting a stable job in the field for a decent salary is tough, while getting a job at a university or in a museum can be even more difficult. Finding a good way to stand out early on is often the only way to make sure that you even stand a chance of future employment, but even making that attempt is not for the faint at heart. If you are lucky as well as talented, though, you can find a very fulfilling career in the field.

 

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