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Interesting Facts About Christmas Tree

I’m going to share some of the interesting facts about Christmas Tree.

Christmas Tree Facts

Courtesy: CouponRefund.com

Great Moments in Christmas Tree History

  • The use of evergreen trees to celebrate the winter occurred before the birth of Christ.
  • The first decorated Christmas tree was in Riga, Latvia in 1510.
  • The first printed reference to Christmas trees appeared in Germany in 1531.
  • Besides evergreens, other types of trees such as cherry and hawthorns were used as Christmas trees in the past.
  • Using small candles to light a Christmas tree dates back to the middle of the 17th century.
  • Thomas Edison’s assistant, Edward Johnson, came up with the idea of electric lights for Christmas trees in 1882. Christmas tree lights were first mass-produced in 1890.
  • In 1900, large stores started to erect big illuminated Christmas trees.
  • The tradition of an official Chicago Christmas tree was initiated in 1913 when one was first lit by Mayor Carter H. Harrison in Grant Park.
  • The official Christmas tree tradition at Rockefeller Center began in 1933. Since 2004 the tree has been topped with a 550-pound Swarovski Crystal star. And since 2007, the tree has been lit with 30,000 energy-efficient LED’s which are powered by solar panels.
  • Every year since 1947, the people of Oslo, Norway have given a Christmas tree to the city of Westminster, England. The gift is an expression of good will and gratitude for Britain’s help to Norway during World War II.
  • Since 1971, the Province of Nova Scotia has presented the Boston Christmas tree to the people of Boston, in gratitude for the relief supplies received from the citizens of Boston after a ship exploded in 1917 following a collision in the Halifax, Nova Scotia Harbor. Part of the city was leveled, killing and injuring thousands.

Presidential Christmas Trees

  • In 1856 Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States, was the first President to place a Christmas tree in the White House.
  • President Coolidge started the National Christmas Tree Lighting Ceremony on the White House lawn in 1923.
  • Teddy Roosevelt banned the Christmas tree from the White House for environmental reasons.
  • From 1948 to 1951, President Truman spent Christmas at his home in Independence, Missouri, and lit the National Community Christmas Tree by remote control. Truman agreed to stay at the White House for Christmas 1952, and personally lit the tree.
  • In 1963, the National Christmas Tree was not lit until December 22nd, because of a national 30-day period of mourning after the assassination of President Kennedy.
  • Since 1966, the National Christmas Tree Association has given a Christmas tree to the President and first family for display in the Blue Room.
  • In 1979, the National Christmas Tree was not lit except for the top ornament. This was done to honor the American hostages in Iran.
  • In 1984, the National Christmas tree was lit on December 13thwith temperatures in the 70′s, making it one of the warmest tree lightings in history.

Christmas tree © by zolakoma

 A Tree Grows In Brooklyn, and Elsewhere

  • Nineteenth century Americans cut their trees in nearby forests. Today most real Christmas trees are grown on farms as sustainable crops like corn or pumpkins.
  • 98 percent of all Christmas trees are grown on farms, while only 2% are cut from the wild.
  • To make sure enough trees for harvest, growers plant one to three seedlings for every tree harvested.
  • In 2012, 46 million Christmas tree seedlings were planted by U.S. growers.
  • More than 2,000 trees are usually planted per acre. On average 1,000-1,500 of these trees will survive. In the northern part of the country, perhaps 750 trees will remain.
  • Almost all trees require shearing to meet the Christmas tree shape. At six to seven feet, trees are ready for harvest.
  • It takes six to ten years of fighting heavy rain, wind, hail and drought to get a mature tree.
  • Most Christmas trees are cut weeks before they get to a retail outlet. It is important to keep them watered thoroughly when they reach your home. In the first week, a Christmas tree in your home will consume as much as a quart of water per day.

Is it, or Isn’t It?

  • Artificial Christmas trees were developed in Germany during the 19th century and later became popular in the United States. These “trees” were made using goose feathers that were dyed green and attached to wire branches. The wire branches were then wrapped around a central dowel rod that acted as the trunk.
  • In 1930 the U.S.-based Addis Brush Company created the first artificial Christmas tree made from brush bristles. The company used the same machinery that it used to manufacture toilet brushes, but they were dyed green.
  • Artificial Christmas trees made largely from aluminum were manufactured in the United States, first in Chicago in 1958.
  • Today, most artificial Christmas trees are made from PVC plastic. PVC trees are fire-retardant but not fire-resistant. Eighty percent of artificial trees worldwide are manufactured in China.
  • In 2011, 63% of U.S. households surveyed planned to buy a live tree, while 37% planned to buy an artificial trees.
  • 9.5 million artificial trees were purchased in the United States in 2011.

To Market, to Market

  • Live Christmas trees have been sold commercially in the United States since about 1850.
  • The first Christmas tree retail lot in the United States was started by Mark Carr in New York, in 1851.
  • From 1887-1933 a fishing schooner called the “Christmas Ship” would tie up at the Clark Street Bridge in Chicago and sell spruce trees from Michigan to Chicagoans.
  • In 2011, 31% of real Christmas trees sold were from chain stores or garden centers, 31% from cut and harvest farms, 14% from retail tree lots, and 13% from non-profit groups.
  • In 2011, 84% of the Christmas trees purchased were pre-cut, and 16% were cut-your-own.
  • An estimated 175,000 real Christmas trees are sold via e-commerce or catalogue and shipped mail order.
  • The most popular Christmas trees are: Scotch pine, Douglas fir, Noble fir, Fraser fir, balsam fir, and white pine.
  • Christmas trees are baled to protect the branches from damage during shipping.
  • Helicopters help to lift harvested Christmas trees from farms.

The United States of Trees

  • In the United States, there are more than 12,000 Christmas tree growers. Nearly 300 of these are in Illinois.
  • There are about 350 million Christmas trees growing on U.S. farms.
  • Approximately 100,000 people are employed full or part-time in the Christmas tree industry.
  • 30.8 million live Christmas trees were purchased in the United States in 2011, with a real market value of $1.07 billion.
  • The mean average purchase price of a live tree in 2011 was $34.87.
  • Oregon, North Carolina, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Washington, New York, and Virginia were the top Christmas tree producing states in 2009. Oregon was the leading producer of Christmas trees with 7.34 million trees in 2008.
  • 170,000 acres of land in the United States were in Christmas tree production in 2009. Oregon led the nation with 40,000 acres, and Illinois 2,000 acres in production.
  • Christmas trees are grown and harvested in all 50 states.
  • Michigan ranks third (1.6 million trees in 2007) among all states in the production of real Christmas trees, but grows a larger variety of Christmas trees than any other state.

Make your Christmas Really Green

  • 93% of real Christmas tree consumers recycle their tree in community recycling programs, their garden or backyard.
  • In the United States, there are more than 4,000 Christmas tree recycling programs.
  • Recycled real Christmas trees have been used to make sand and soil erosion barriers and been placed in ponds for fish shelter.
  • Growing Christmas trees provides a habitat for wildlife.
  • Christmas trees can remove dust and pollen from the air.
  • Cook County, IL uses old Christmas trees to rebuild housing structures for natural wildlife that has been destroyed through development.
  • Artificial trees will last for six years in your home, but for centuries in a landfill.
  • An acre of Christmas trees provides the daily oxygen requirements of 18 people.
  • You should not burn your Christmas tree in the fireplace; it can contribute to creosote buildup.
  • Live Christmas trees are involved in less than one-tenth of one percent of residential fires, and mostly when ignited by some external ignition sources. The major factors involved in Christmas tree fires are electrical problems, decorative lights, candles, and a heat source too close to the tree.

Source: http://urbanext.illinois.edu/trees/facts.cfm

Merry Christmas :)

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What is JEE 2013?

JEE 2013

Confusion Among Aspirants about JEE 2013

The whole structure of the two major engineering entrance exam in India changes for the year 2013. After much debate, meetings and suggestions, finally ministry of human resource & development have come up with a plan to enhance the importance of 12th board. Now, the marks of 12th board will not only be a cut-off, instead it will impact the rank.

The sudden change in the whole pattern of admission have created an ambience of confusion among the aspirants. The terms has changed. AIEEE name is missing from the whole process. And, importantly CBSE is organizing one of the two JEE exams.

Lets go through the details of JEE 2013

JEE 2013: AIEEE becomes JEE (Main) and IIT-JEE becomes JEE (Advanced)

The most important change which is creating highest confusion among the aspirants is modification and alteration in the terminology. The engineering entrance exam AIEEE that CBSE used to conduct has been renamed as JEE (Main). Similarly, JAB which used to conduct entrance exam for IIT known as IIT-JEE has been renamed simply as JEE (Advanced).

In order to correlate both IIT JEE and AIEEE, the bigger brand name JEE has been used for both the exam. However, the structure of examination is nearly unchanged for both the exams.

JEE 2013: Weightage for 12th marks

This is the most important change that MHRD wanted in the IIT JEE for years. However, still nothing has changed if IIT JEE is taken into consideration. But, a lot have change for admission to colleges using AIEEE score.

The major reason which was cited in implementation of weightage to 12th board result was variance in the pattern and marks of all the 12th board examination bodies through out the country. The suggested normalization process was always seen as flawed and was resisted from implementation.

This year only admission to NITs, IIITs and other institute which were using AIEEE ranking earlier is going to get affected by the marks of 12th board. After the result of JEE (Main) and 12th board, a ranking will be given by the CBSE with 60 % weightage to JEE (Main) marks and 40 % weightage to 12th board normalized marks. This ranking will be used for admission to NITs and other engineering college for counseling and admission.

As for the IIT-JEE, 12th board result will not impact directly on the ranking. However, a student is required to be in top 20 percentile of their board. Now, the group of words used by the JEE (Advanced) for this eligibility citeria is “admission will be subject to the condition that the candidates are in the top 20 percentile of successful candidate of their boards”.

The use of percentile is very tricky and confusing. Let me explain. Percentile means % of students below you. Percentile starts from 0 and ends to 100. Hence, a top 20 percentile means a percentile greater than or equal to 80. Here, the use of term successful candidate of their board is a very important part which many might ignore. Let me give you an example to explain its importance.

In a board exam 11 students appear, and to be qualified to get a scholarship one needs to be in top 20 percentile of successful candidate, i.e. percentile of 80 or above. Now, the last student who passes will be on zero percentile and topper will be on 100 %. As one must have solved in Arithmetic Progression, the rest students will be equidistant from each other in percentile from 0 to 100.

Now, if all of them gets marks more than passing marks say 35. Then, the 11th position will get zero percentile, then the next one will be 10 percentile, then 20…so on to 100. And, the student with 80, 90 and 100 percentile will get the scholarship.

Now, if one of them either didn’t appear or fail in the exam and rest passes in the exam. Total no. of successful candidate will reduce to 10. Percentile of each students will be 0, 11.11, 22.22……77.77, 88.88, 100. Now, as only those students will be awarded the award which would get percentile of 80 or above. Only top two student will be awarded the scholarship instead of three.

This is the most interesting aspect of the words used by JEE (Advanced) as their criteria. As we see in the example above, even if the third student from the top didn’t do anything wrong and may be even he get the same marks as before. He was not awarded the scholarship.

Normally, if a student is getting a top 20 % rank in his school, which is a good school of his city. It is to be believed that he will be well within top 20 percentiler of his board. However, it is not certain as the percentile will depend on the no. of students passed. If a board is very tough and a lot of students fail in its exam. Even a change of 5 – 10 % success rate of students will hugely impact in the top 20 percentile list. I’m not scaring you. But, keep this aspect in your mind.

Further, whether you score 80 %, 90 % or 95 % in your board exam, it will not change your AIR in JEE (Advanced), neither it will effect in your branch or college. It will be just a bar which you have to clear by a good margin to remove any uncertainty.

Finally, what should be the average percentage of marks required for top 20 percentile. If your board result is not fluctuating much the answer of this question could be found very easily. Ask your school teacher to assist in analyzing your school’s last five year’s result in board exam. The result of your school’s student would not be a perfect sample for whole board. But, even if your school is a good school in the city, expect the bar marks for top 20 percentile in your school for last five years will be better than overall board’s bar mark.

JEE 2013: Structure of the Whole JEE 2013

The exam pattern of both the earlier exams AIEEE and IIT JEE are unchanged even though the names have changed. Whether it is JEE (Main) or JEE (Advanced), nothing related to the exam they conduct has changed. However, both the exams are now inter-related.

One have to fill the form for JEE (Main) till 15 Dec, 2012. Then, they have to sit for the JEE (Main) exam as earlier. The score for JEE (Main) will be declared by  7 May, 2013. However, ranking for admission in colleges through JEE (Main) will be declared on or before 7 Jul,2013. The 12th board appearing candidates have to submit their 12th board roll no. before downloading the admit card for JEE (Main).

CBSE along with the score of JEE (Main) will also declare the status of those who qualify for appearing in JEE (Advanced). After this to appear in the JEE (Advanced), the qualified candidates are required to register themselves at JEE (Advanced) website between 8 May, 2013 and 13 May 2013. The exam fee has to be paid through challan at SBI branches by 13 May, 2013. The written test of JEE (Advanced) will be conducted on 2 Jun, 2013 and result will be declared by 23 Jun, 2013.

It is advised to make a chronological schedule for all the events.

Summary

One thing has certainly changed with JEE 2013. Earlier, one could have just sat for IIT JEE. However, now even if one wants to write only JEE (Advanced). He has to sit and fill the form for both the exams.

On a whole I would say even though pattern of the exams have not changed. But, the end result and parameters for selection have changed. The effect of 12th marks may not effect much on JEE (Advanced). However, I expect this year the authorities are trying to assess the impact of 12th marks normalization. It is just a test for the normalization process. If everything worked fine, then I expect from next year or so 12th board marks will be taken into consideration for JEE (Advanced) AIR too.

If you find anything that I missed to cover in this article feel free to let me know. I would suggest to spread this article among your friends or share it on facebook for the benefit of every aspirants around you.

I’m giving links to articles written by me on similar topics:

  1. Kota: Paradise for IIT JEE Aspirants
  2. Role of Coachings in IIT JEE selection
  3. Hopes Beyond IIT
  4. IIT JEE 2013: What should be the strategy for repeaters?
  5. IIT JEE 2013: What should be Strategy for Partial Droppers?
  6. How to Prepare for IIT JEE 2013?
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How to Find a Perfect Domain Name at the Perfect Price

A Perfect Domain Name

Are You in Search for a Perfect Domain Name

Domain name is the most important part of your website. Normally, people remember websites by domain names only. A domain name helps a lot in advertisement by mouth or any other form of advertisement. Yahoo, Google, Facebook is remembered by its domain name only.

In the overcrowded web world, it is very hard to find a suitable domain name. As most of the names we check for the domain name are already taken. So, one have to think out of the box to get a perfect domain name.

It is to be noted that almost 90 % of domain names or even more which are registered are either parked (to be sold) or else used by websites with daily visitors less than 10. As of 29th October, 2012, there are in total 132,406,473 registered domain names. Almost all the domain names with single word is owned by some influential web giants. These are called Premium domains. Many of these are not in use or redirect to some other website.

Let’s talk about features that a good domain name should possess.

Match your website name

The foremost important thing about a website name and domain name is that both should match. If someone finds your website through a search engine, he will not look for the domain name to memorize it. Rather, he will see the name of the website written in bold. If the name of the website is “Fire Fighter“, but the domain name is TheFireFighter.com. Next time when the visitor will try to go to your website, chances are heavy that he/she will type FireFighter.com instead of TheFireFighter.com and that’s it, one customer goes to your competitor’s website instead of yours.

If you have a business with brand name and you want a website for it, it will be best if you could get the domain name with the same name as your brand name. However, one should understand how much important is the domain name matching your brand name and how much more the revenue will be if both matches. Like take the example of the latest James Bond movie Skyfall. The official website for this movie is hosted with domain name Skyfall-Movie.com. How much revenue the producer of this movie will lost due to naming the website as Skyfall-Movie.com rather than Skyfall.com. I doubt it to be even a single cent.

In the search of a perfect domain name at perfect price. The example of Skyfall is the perfect example to understand importance of price. In the present world of search engines, people memorize the names of only those domain names which they think they have to visit again and again. What I will suggest is to go for same name as your brand strictly only if it is an internet specific product. Like take the example of SEOElite.com. This website is promoting a software named SEO Elite. Hence, if they choose TheSEOElite.com as their domain name chances are visitors will go to SEOElite.com if they see link of both the website in Google.

Match your contents

The domain name gives an idea of contents of the website. Like one will visit WallColours.com expecting it will contain information about wall painting ideas and combinations. If the contents will differ the expectations of the visitors, they will not even wait for a sec to go away from your web page. This is the reason why generic domain name are so highly priced. Both search engine and internet users think that Perfume.com would contain perfumes related contents. If the content satisfies both, the website will be popular both among the visitors and the search engines. However, If the content is even slightly differs from expectation it will lost its position in Google search result and visitors satisfaction.

Easy to memorize and type

This is a characteristic which everyone wants in their domain name as must. Google, Yahoo is perfect example of this. Even if in the dictionary there is no word as used by you for the domain name. It should be easy to memorize and type. Like Flippa.com, Sedo.com.

Nothing matters if your content is good

The foremost important characteristic for a website is not its name or domain name. It is the content. Every search engine will give you ranking and send the traffic based on your contents. Website like WikiLeaks or LinkedIn are popular due to its contents. Hence, spend optimum amount of money for a perfect domain name and extra for the content’s quality.

Now first estimate the money you are willing to pay to buy a domain name. It should be noted that domains are available at as low as $ 1 (Godaddy limited period offer). If you search well anytime you may find a domain at around $ 2. My point is original price of the domain is very low. A domain registrar’s basic cost to register a domain is just 18 ¢ as ICANN fees. Other features like privacy protection, etc. are surplus cost. First think whether you want a fresh domain, existing domain, expired/deleted domains. I’ll cover all of them here.

Fresh Domains

Fresh domains are cheapest. However, forget that you will get a short and simple domain name easily. It is impossible to find a single word domain name as available. You need to use some trick to find a satisfactory domain name. Here are few points and tricks. Please mention in comments if you know any extra tricks.

  • It is not required that your domain name should be .com only. There are many well-known domain names which are .org, .info or .net. However, this is also true that in top 100 Alexa websites, there are only two .org websites (Wikipedia.org and CraigList.org), no .net websites and apart from .com only country specific TLD websites are available. But, it is not due to some preference given to .com by Google in ranking and they are getting extra traffic. Instead, it is just because .com is the most preferred TLD among webmasters.
  • One can find a nice domain name by using two or three different words. For those who are new to domain name search this might look a good idea. However, this is a very old trick. Hence, it’s not easy to find a fresh domain name by this method too. Combination of two usual words are hard to be find free for .com. Like PerfectPrice.com, SolidChair.com, etc. But, if you are OK with other international TLDs like .org, .net or .info. You might get it.
  • If we go in the depth of a domain name science, we must know rules for choosing a domain name. A domain name could be formed using English alphabets, numbers 0 – 9, and the symbol “-”. The length of the domain name should be maximum 63 characters excluding extension. The domain name can neither start nor end with the symbol. Symbol can be repeated for max two times like a–z.com, a–b–c–d–e.com.
  • After using the above information, there are enormous number of domain names you could find. E.g. numbers are used by many like 1and1.com or One2Three.com. However, there are various special numbers which are easy to remember. But, hardly in use. Like 786, 512, 111, 1234, etc. One may use it with some other words to find an easy to remember domain name.
  • One can easily get a domain name spelled in any other language other than English. Like JaiHo.com (famous song from the movie Slumdog Millionaire). If you are targeting a specific country netizens. Then, it is the best way to get a suitable domain name. Even, if your target audience is not country specific you can go for those words, just it should be easy to spell and remember. The beauty of these domain names is that you can easily get a good domain name by this way. Like GetVidya.com a popular educational website in India. Get is an English word with Vidya which is a Hindi word for education.
  • Now, the last idea I’m giving is cool one. It is called Domain hack. One of the most popular example of this is Del.icio.us which now redirects to Delicious.com. This sharing website started with a cool looking sub-domain address Del.icio.us. There are many TLDs which could be used to make such a cool domain name. Like Backpa.in, Calcul.us, Anyti.me, Moroc.co, etc.

Existing Domain for Sell

While searching for domain you will found out that most of the domains which are already taken are parked or listed for sale. Their prices vary from $ 20 to thousands of dollars. Now, what are the factors which determine appropriate value for such a domain?

Buyer

The prospective buyer is the most important factor in determining the value of a domain name. A buyer who intends to develop a website related to his business would pay more than one who wants to start a totally new business for online ecommerce. Suppose a luxury car dealer whose companies name is Triangle Sales wants to buy a domain name for his company’s website. He must be happier to get the domain name TriangleSales.com than FerrariDealer.com or LuxuryCars.com. Reason is very simple and obvious. He is not trying to develop a website to sell the cars online. He wants more and more customers to come to his store to buy the car. Microsoft Corporation would not like their website’s domain as Software.com. They will spend more to get Microsoft.com than Software.com.

Last year, Facebook acquired fb.com from American Farm Bureau Federation at a whopping price of $ 8.5 million. Last time, when Facebook.com was purchased by them in 2005, its price was at $ 200,000. Only Mark Zuckerberg could tell us how much had the original domain name of Facebook TheFacebook.com cost him.

The point here is the brand and requirements determine the price of a domain name. Today eBay.com domain is worth millions, but without its brand value bay.com would have cost more to buy than eBay.com.

The point is if you think a particular domain is important for your websites. Then, the price will be determined by your ability to pay and your willingness to buy the domain name.

Keyword and Niche market relevance of the domain

Domain name which are made of keywords which represents a particular niche market is worth more than domain name which don’t have any such quality. Like HostingReviews.com, RentACar.com, Vacancy.com, etc. You don’t have to ask anyone if these domains are in use what would be contents of these websites, plus these contains exactly same words which people might search in Google. Everyone wants that the domain name should be relevant to the contents he/she is going to show on the website. A business card manufacturer will be willing to pay more if he could get a name which resembles his expertise.

There are various exception to this. Like Orkut.com, Google.com, etc. It may help if you get a domain name which explains the contents of your website. But, the world does not ends if such domain is costing more. The most important thing is contents and presentation. PayPal.com would be more successful if its domain name Pay.com. I doubt it. Twitter would have more users than Facebook due to its name, no. Twitter, Google, yahoo became popular due to its usefulness, due to its features, not due to its name, which is not even relevant to the features due to which it became popular. These are neutral words.

Hence, if you find a low priced domain name relevant to your contents or use. It’s good. Else, you can do a little more search, look for a lower priced domain and do some more work on contents.

Top Level Domain

The extension name is very important in the valuation of a domain name. Internet is still dominated by .com. There is 4x -10x difference between a .com and any other premium TLD.

The importance is not because the webmasters prefer .com. Instead it is due to the users. Netizens have normal habit to remember the domain name without its extension. Wikipedia is so much popular. Still, many visitors directly types Wikipedia.com to go to Wikipedia.org. They don’t even notice that Wikipedia is .org not .com (Wikipedia.com redirects to Wikipedia.org). While searching in Google, people will simply type Google.com. They never even cares whether the result is provided by Google.com or Google.co.uk or Google.co.in. Hence, while buying a domain name .com will cost you more to buy.

Symbol and numbers

A domain name with symbol and number is very less worth than words. TutorsForHire.com is more worthy than Tutors4Hire.com. MobileWorld.com is more valuable than Mobile-World.com. Owner of both MobileWorld.com and Mobile-World.com will use the name Mobile World as their websites name. However, the visitor will just remember name of your website and in both case they will go type MobileWorld.com.

Length of a Domain

Number of characters allowed for a domain is 63. However, one may rarely see a domain name having more than fifteen characters. The most important aspect of length of domain name is longer the domain, longer will be the time to type it. Short domain name is easy to type. Like ebay.com. But, people use copy and paste or bookmarking function for longer domain. Hence, webmasters prefer short domain name. No doubt high price of FB.com was result of this factor too.

Common Used Group Words

Domains with commonly used group words have higher value than other group of words. Like GoForIt.com, RentACar.com, GrabIt.com, etc. These are easy to remember and tell.

Backlink for a domain

There are few websites which were running full fledge before the owner thought of selling it. Now, these websites have some backlinks. If the domain name reflects a particular niche market or is keyword rich. Then, backlinks would be useful in two ways. You will have some quality backlinks for SEO, plus you may get some visitors.

Misspelled Name

Misspelled name is normally very bad choice for using as a domain name. The reason is very simple. Your visitors will find it hard to remember the name. Quality.com is easy to remember, but not qualiti.com.

In few cases where, the misspelled domain comes from misspelled word of some very popular domain which are in top 1000 websites. It is possible that you will get some traffic. But, those visitors will just left your site when they realize their mistake.

Age of a domain

Age of a domain really helps in getting higher Pagerank. However, there is one confusion here among many. Google do give some benefit to older domains. However, for them age of a domain becomes zero when it changes ownership. Hence, it plays no role in estimating the price of a domain. As there will be no benefit for the age of the domain once its WHOIS data changes.

One should keep in mind that each domain is unique. One can just estimate a price for a domain name. But, finally which domain will give you more income will not depend on its name. It will depend on the quality of work given to develop it into a quality website.

If you are looking for some premium domain name which are up for sale. Use the above search tool. Apart from points mentioned above look for a domain which are parked and are up for sale. You could even target active website with very less traffic. These websites may sell their whole website along with domain name if offered price is even close to $ 50.  Once you find that the owner is interested in selling the domain. If the asking price less than $ 100. Contact the seller directly and negotiate a deal. However, if it is more than $ 100, you can use the Godaddy Domain Buy Service as an agent to negotiate the price for domains. Normally, seller don’t know the exact value of their domain and they keep a higher price. GoDaddy being a professional will contact on your behalf the current owner of the domain and negotiate with the owner for the lowest possible price of the domain, but up to your maximum specified limit. You can try it once you find the perfect domain for you.

Expired Domain

Expired domain name is not actually option for those who are looking for domain name with fixed keywords and niche. First let me explain the whole structure for getting an expired domain name.

When a domain name registration period expires, it goes in Grace period of some fix days. This grace period varies for extensions and different registrars. During this grace period the old registrant can renew the domain without paying any extra amount. This period helps those registrants who forget somehow to renew. During this period the email and other features stop working. The domain will points to a webpage explaining the need for renewal.

After grace period, redemption period starts. During this period also, only the original registrant can renew their domain name. However, they have to pay extra money other than renewal charge.

If the original registrant do not apply for renewal even during the redemption period, after 5 days the domain name is open for fresh registration. If someone is looking for expired domain to buy, it will be achieved by registering it as fresh domain after this whole process is over. The normal time for this exercise is 75 days.

Now, it is possible to register an expired domain name after it has been deleted from the registry and open for fresh registration. However, if the demand for an expired domain is high. It will be hard to be the first to try for domain ownership just after it is again available for fresh registration.

One should use expert services like SnapNames or NameJet to snatch an expired domain just after its deletion. A domain name is deleted from the registry 5 days after the end of redemption period. Now, the deletion from the registry occurs somewhere between 11 AM to 2 PM Pacific Time. These services keep checking at regular interval through various registrars the status of deletion for the expired domain. This pinging process is done in such a way that they don’t get banned by the accredited registrars like VeriSign (for .com, .net and .name). These services are normally free. One may register at more than one place. As only one of these may catch the drop of domain names, so finally one have to pay only one of them. Once they catch the drop if no other party for the same domain name is there, the domain is yours, else it will be placed for auction. The min cost for these service will be around $ 70. If the name goes for auction it will be much costlier depending on the desperation of you and other probable buyers for the domain.

I found a very interesting thing here. If you could find any perfect domain name for you which has expired, I would suggest contact the current registrar directly and ask him to renew the domain and negotiate the terms for purchase of domain directly from him. One may say that the original registrant might have missed to renew the domain. Hence, if one contacts the buyer during grace period chances are he/she will renew it and don’t agree for selling the domain name. Or otherwise, the original registrant once learning there is a probable buyer for the domain may renew and ask for a higher price.

Now, as the domain name grace period for normal TLDs are 40 days and during this period all features of domain name are suspended. If the original registrant has missed to renew. He/she will renew within first 25-30 days. After that chances are heavy that the intention is not to renew the domain name. In the last 10-15 days try to contact the original registrant with a deal to renew the domain and sell it to you with an attractive price. Take my word this will cost you much lesser and without competition you will get the domain name. During the grace period benefit for original registrant will be more. One can negotiate and close the deal at as lower as $ 50 including transfer fees.

If the deal for renewal and sell by the original registrant is finalized during redemption period, then the cost to renew will be much higher. With addition of transfer cost and profit of original registrant the overall cost will be even higher, somewhere close to $ 100 to $ 125. One should look for this process only if he/she thinks the domain name will have more than one buyer after drop by registry. There are many aspects here. It is almost certain that original registrant thinks that the domain think that the domain name is not even worth renewal cost for him. So, even if he/she is offered double or triple the renewal cost. It is beneficial for them.

This under the table process will be good in nearly every aspect and not illegal.

As I have already mentioned in the first paragraph itself the expired domain is not for those who want the domain for some specific purpose with specific keywords for the domain. It is hard to find at any particular time a domain which is perfect for you and which has just expired. Domains are registered for a duration of one year to 10 years. Good domains are normally registered for longer duration to avoid renewal trouble every year. Hence, expired domains consists very few good and premium domains. These will in major way consist those domains which are of no use to their owners and they are making no money out of it and think they could not sell it to make some profit. But, if you could still search a domain perfect for you, it could be yours.

Deleted domains

Registering a deleted domain is just like registering a fresh domain. The benefits of registering a deleted domain is that you can get some domain names which might be an established websites with good amount of backlinks and listed in DMOZ. The domains available are those which don’t get any backorder after expiring. Hence, these domains don’t have much importance. However, as I’ve said that combination of two or three word domain names are hard to find as fresh domain. These types of domain names could be find in deleted domain names very easily. I’ve recently found a deleted domain name and purchased it at regular price of fresh domain which was much cheaper than its original worth. If you are seriously looking for a good domain name at cheap price, this is the best place to look.

Conclusion

The term “Perfect” for a domain name itself includes a lot of aspects to look. The points which are very important is how much the domain name costs and how much business one may gain or lose by going for a better or worst domain name. Buying a domain name at a price of $ 500 or $ 1,000 is not more if it is going to help you in making a brand image and earning thousands of dollars. What is best for someone should be decided by him/her only. Look at every aspect by every angle. Then, only you can decide which is the perfect domain name for you and what is its perfect price. Best of luck for your perfect domain name at the perfect price.

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IIT JEE: What should be Strategy for Partial Droppers?

Here, by partial droppers, I mean to address those aspirants of IIT JEE which have already taken admission in some college. But, still they want the tag of IIT JEE and they are preparing for IIT JEE along with their regular college course.

I’ve already discussed about the strategies to be used by a repeater for IIT JEE. However, the way of preparation for a partial dropper differs a lot from a normal repeater. Partial droppers face a lot of problems which are hard to overcome. The most basic difference is availability of time. A partial dropper needs to spend at least 6-7 hours daily for their college course. I know not every partial dropper spends 6-7 hour on his or her college course. However, on an average this is the ideal time. Therefore, it’s no brainer that they get overall less study time for IIT JEE preparation. This means they have to use their time in the most optimal way. Along with this they have to create every possible spare time as an opportunity to study.

Apart from this every person have the desire to perform well even if the exam is of less important. Hence, there is an itch to perform well in both IIT JEE and their current college course. This creates mental pressure, especially after every semester or mid semester exams. In normal case a partial dropper score somewhat poorer than a regular student in the college course exam. This in some way hit their ego and transforms them to perform well in the next semester exam. This means, it acts as a strong force of diversion from IIT JEE for partial droppers.

Seeing the friends around enjoying the college life sometimes demotivate from giving ample time for IIT JEE preparation. When partial droppers notice that their friends are enjoying the college life and they are not, even if they can. Sometimes, this works in diminishing their zeal to be an IIT’ian, as somewhere in the mind they fear that they could fail to secure an IIT seat. It is easy to enjoy life in present than to plan to enjoy in the future which is unclear. Overall, a partial dropper needs to be mentally very strong to overcome these problems. The success rate of partial droppers is not very high. So, the first lesson to be successful as a partial dropper is to be strong mentally. If you can take heavy pressure, only then think about preparing for IIT JEE along with your 1st year engineering Course. This period will test you how well you can handle pressure.

A very important fact about IIT JEE applicable to any candidate is that only the time devoted by you on self-study make or breaks your chance to be an IIT’ian. I mean to say coaching or tuitions or any course material just enhances your chances of selection in IIT JEE. They don’t play defining role in the selection. A person can be an IIT’ian even without studying in coaching or reading from GMP. But, one has very less chance to be successful in IIT JEE without lots of self-study. I’m saying here very less chance, not no chance as I’d a friend with me at ISI Kolkata, who used to just pay good attention in the classroom, but still without self-study used to get good marks. He had got around 1100 rank in IIT JEE. Some of his friends from his IIT JEE coaching told me that they never saw him studying at hostel while IIT JEE preparation. Just with the classroom lecture and classwork, he was able to crack IIT JEE. What I want to say was there are exceptions, reciting exceptional people. But, on average this is not possible.

As a partial dropper has to use his time optimally, he can’t afford to study in a coaching. He has to rely only on self-study. Try to find other partial droppers in your institute or hostel or around. Make a group and try to clear your doubts with them every week or every 3-4 days. You can’t afford daily group session as many a times group session result in entertainment session. If a lot of jokes are cracked during the group session, chances are it will attract you just like drug attract a drug addict. So, try to make these group session professional. Doubt clearance is very important as it helps to understand the concept and make them strong. If one tries to clear such doubts by looking in different books, one might clear the doubts. In a way when a doubt is cleared in such way one understands the concept in better way than in doubt clearance session. Also, sometime it happens that when we try to clear our doubt by ourselves, we assume few incorrect things to be correct. Lastly, it takes your precious time too, which is in less reserve. The ideal way to deal with a doubt is to try to clear your doubts yourself for few hours by looking in different books. If you could clear your doubts then good, if you don’t then no problem. In any case, you have read a lot about it. Now, in your next group session discuss it with your friend. If you cleared your doubts, then in group session whatever you understood was true or false will be tested, else, if you didn’t clear your doubts, then, it will be cleared. It also helps in clear the same doubt in your friend if they haven’t noticed that they have any such doubt.

In a doubt session, try to discuss conceptual confusion and not the problem you couldn’t solve. Problems should be solved only by you. Remember, for IIT JEE, it is not important to know how a particular type of problems is solved. Problems which will come might be very new. You need to know how to solve even new type of problems. IIT needs students with innovative mind. So, to be innovative you have to know how give direction to your mind on unknown paths. Solving harder problem with your friend will momentarily help you to understand the concept required to solve it. But, there is always a chance that you could not solve similar problem with little twist. Therefore, clear the doubts related to concept and solve problems by you. For IIT JEE, the best way to strengthen your concept understanding is by solving problems. You don’t mug up the concepts; you understand it by applying it. That’s why such students do well after IIT in every field either CAT or UPSC or any other area. Practical learning makes a wise man; rote learning makes a computer or robot.

Time management is the key to unlock the doors of your success in IIT JEE. I will not discuss how much time you should devote to your IIT JEE or when you should read. This will differ from person to person. I will just give you some facts which will help you to manage your time optimally. The most important thing in managing your time is to prepare a feasible time table. I said feasible as don’t make such a plan which is hard to implement. Your college academic session goes in a fixed time format. So, you might not face problems in preparing a time-table around your college lectures. Give sufficient time to cope with your college studies. A very poor performance in college exams might result in a weak spot in interviews if in unfortunate case you could not clear IIT JEE in your second attempt. So, you have to get average marks to pass. Don’t just ignore college. On an average, I assume 5-6 hours will be the time you will get on week days and 9-10 hours on weekend. On week days try to read in bulk time. Means, it’s better to read 5-6 hours continuously for IIT JEE rather than collection of many 1 and 2 hour durations. This will help you to forget about other problems for some time and lend your mind totally to IIT JEE.

As there is shortage of time, you are not in a position to solve many problems. I will suggest in every 2-3 problems, leave a problem unsolved, if you can think how you would approach the problem and solve it after reading it. In every 2-3 problem leave a problem which is less challenging for you.

After you complete a particular chapter, you should prepare a plan to revise it later. The fact is now after solving the chapter you know which problems are no brainer and which are good and challenging. Mark around 1/3rd or less problems of the topic in such a way that when you revise it even after 6-7 months later. You take very less time to recover all the tactics and methods, you improvised while solving it initially. Whenever, we solve problems from a topic, we tend to develop some special tactics for solving the topic. I’m not talking about magical methods. I’m talking about tactics like using a formula in different way or memorizing the value of some special constants that come repeatedly. These help to solve problem faster, but we have a common tendency to forget these things with time.

Lastly, enroll in a good test series in around December. I liked FIITJEE test series very much. But, you can go with any one that can help you to estimate your improvement. A fact I say always that you don’t need to prepare for each test of the test series. Don’t waste time in preparing for any test of a test series, either it is in the beginning or in the end. Tests are to estimate you in real-time. Even if you get less marks in test series try to be more conscious in the tests next time. But, don’t prepare for it. You need the precious time to keep your IIT JEE preparation in continuity. Never let a gap of a day or two between your preparations.

In the last months of your preparation, i.e. in March or April use the medical excuse to get free from attendance for a month or two. You require this leave as it will help you to summarize your preparation in the best possible way. It’s not mandatory to get a leave by such way. But, if you could get it you can use it for the best.

Above all, be brave. Only brave persons could clear IIT JEE while enrolling in some other regular course. Feel confident that you can do it. Try to keep yourself happy even in the toughest time schedule. Keep your mind as relaxed as possible. Best of luck!

There might be some areas which I might have missed. Please mention those in the comments. I will be pleased to help you.

I’m giving links to articles written by me on similar topics:

  1. Kota: Paradise for IIT JEE Aspirants
  2. Role of coaching in IIT JEE selection
  3. Hopes Beyond IIT
  4. IIT JEE: What should be the strategy for repeaters?
  5. How to Prepare for IIT JEE?

 

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