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Hopes Beyond IIT

Students of 10+2 mathematics are crazy about IIT. May be you are one of them too who desperately want to be a part of IIT. But, let me tell you. There is life other than IIT which can be as good as a life with IIT.

Here, I’m giving list of some institutes which can be said as alternative for IIT. This list covers those institutes where students of PCM 12th pass can apply. Some of these are very much around or better than IIT. Have a look:

  1. SCRA:
    Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) aka Railway Engineering is an examination conducted by UPSC for selecting candidates suitable for engineering department of Railway. It is a very royal job with large prospects. It is also the toughest exam at 10+2 level. There are just around 10 vacancies each year. Still lot of people sits for its exam. Also, your salary will start just after passing this exam. It is the dream course.
  2. ISI:
    Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) is a very old institute of mathematics, statistics, economics and computer science. It is best institute in India for Statistics and Mathematics and second best for Economics (after DSE). The pass-outs from this institute are very much in demand all over world. Placements are better than even IIMs. Above all there are no fees. Instead handsome stipends each month are given to the students. This in my sense is best alternative for IIT. Obviously, many students come to this institute after getting top ranks in IIT JEE. Some leave IIT after getting top ten ranks for ISI.
  3. CA:
    For mathematics branch students, CA is not the prime choice. Those who opt for CA after 10+2 with mathematics basically, if they don’t get selected somewhere for engineering. But, CA should not be just seen as a degree for commerce students. Mathematics students have high chances to do better in this course. CA aka Chartered accountant is the high earning job. You may work in a company or set-up your own company for auditing accounts. It is just like law. Every company needs service from a CA. As economy is booming and CA course is tough. This sector will be in more demand than else.
  4. Actuarial:
    Actuarial is something very much of same nature as CA. But, have more importance than CA. In India this course is conducted by India Actuarial Society. It is a new field in India. But, demands are very high all over world, not just in India. This course is not for everyone. Only sharp minded people are taken for this course. Basic requirement is mathematics as a subject in 12th with 75% for 10+2 students. 75% marks in mathematics just say the requirement needed for being an actuarial. The most important point, you may study for other course with this. Like engineering or graduation. In fact, if some of your course match with the course of Actuarial. You don’t have to write the exam twice. Your regular course marks are accepted by Actuarial society.
  5. NID:
    National Institute of Design (NID) is not a very common name among general students. But, it is a very popular name among those who know even a little about design, graphics or creativity courses in India. This is the best institute to learn about designing. One may just think the need of the students from this institute in market.
  6. NDA:
    National Defense Academy (NDA) is a very popular exam at 10+2 level. But, popularity of engineering has lowered the no. of quality students for this exam. Yeah, through this exam you may not earn handsome money after NDA. Also, course is physically a bit tough. But, yeah, the proud to be a soldier of India can never be compared with money. Students now a day seek fun and entertainment during course. That fun is not here. But, still here you will get adventure, high esteem and position in society. Pay is not good. But, perks are good. Overall, those who don’t want to traditional, boring corporate jobs can join Indian Army through this course.
  7. NIFT:
    National institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) is a popular brand name. The course here attracts those who want to go in glamor life. No doubt this course needs creativity. Without creativity, you may not perform well. But, yeah this is a high paying and booming sector in India.
  8. NLSIU:
    National Law School of India University (NLSIU) is the best institute in India for Law. As economically, India is developing rapidly. Lots of MNCs are coming each year in India. All of them need law personnel. But, students in India are crazy about engineering and management. Other courses don’t get the best quality. So is the case with NLSIU. Students getting here are good but not the best. So, exam is easy to crack with little effort. But, the money after this course is very good.
  9. IIIT:
    Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) is a project of Indian government to satisfy the demand of IT professionals in India with quality candidates. Courses here are mainly related to IT or computer science. Seats are few in number. But, competition is not as much as for IIT. Some of IIT conduct separate exam. Some take students from AIEEE. This is best course for computer related if you don’t get selected in IITs or few NITs.
  10. NIT:
    National Institute of Technology (NIT) is institutes which were earlier known as Regional Engineering College. These colleges are good, reputed, and old and get good placements too. Earlier, students get admission in these colleges via state engineering examination. Students were not evenly balanced in sort of quality than sorting on the basis of state. Also, as students can’t aim at these institutes directly. Hence, these colleges could not make such a reputation as an IIT. These are premier institutes but not the popular ones. These institutes have infrastructure and all sort of facility to produce best engineers. But, they don’t get the best students.
  11. CMI:
    Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI) is one of the best institutes in India for Mathematics and Physics. This institute has gained much reputation in very less time. No doubt for research preference this could be on top of your list.
  12. NSHM:
    (NSHM) is the best institute in India for Hotel and Hospitability management. This institute gives you high prospect for success with growing demands of Hospitability in India.
  13. Merchant Navy:
    Merchant navy is a high paying job. It is course for become a crew member of a ship. The best institute in this field is TS Chanakya which takes students through IIT JEE. But, it has a separate selection process. Other institutes of Merchant Navy also have the same prospect. No doubt if you want to earn real money, Merchant navy should be the best choice.
  14. IISER/NISER:
    Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) and National Institute of Science Education Research (NISER) is a project of government to satisfy the scientist need of India. This is a full government funded institutes. You will get handsome stipends to study here. Future prospect is also good. Students from here can easily get admissions anywhere in the world for higher education. Also, prospect in India is good. Scientist are in demand everywhere. Government is thinking to open research gates for private owners in India. So, students from these institutes will be in High demand in near future.
  15. Aeronautics:
    Aeronautics is a high paying field. In India, this sector is on boom and is expected to need three fold more professionals in coming 10 years. Best institute to get in this field is some IIT where this course is taught. Like IIT Kanpur. But, there are other institutes too who can give same prospects as aeronautics from IITs. These are IIA Group of Institutions. Know more about it here.

On the whole, if you look closely at the list above. These are the best institutes of their respective fields. Hence, we could conclude easily each field which have high prospect can come in the list above.

Also, Keep this in mind nearly every field is open for mathematics students (except medical). So, not just IIT should be your prime stop. You may go to any of these and become successful. Some will give you high reputation and some will give you high money. Some even both. But, try to think beyond IITs. There are hopes beyond IIT.

Note: I’ll give detail about all these exam in coming future. The details will cover all aspect institute by institute for each class. Stay in touch.

I’m giving links to articles written by me on similar topics:

  1. Kota: Paradise for IIT JEE Aspirants
  2. How to Prepare for IIT JEE?
  3. Role of Coachings in IIT JEE selection
  4. IIT JEE: What should be the strategy for repeaters?
  5. IIT JEE: What should be Strategy for Partial Droppers?

 

Tips on How to Get on Google Places

Google 貼牌冰箱(Google Refrigerator)

Google (Photo credit: Aray Chen)

You may notice when you get on Google and type in a business, the first results you’ll see are for local companies. For instance, if you are in Phoenix, Arizona and you want to find a local hardware store, the listings at the top of the page will include a few stores in the area along with the address and contact info. If you’re a business looking to get ahead, you can be among these local listings. To accomplish this goal, learn how to get on Google Places.

Creating and Using an Account

Google Places is a part of Google that allows you to enter in your business on the web. Your business listing will be easily found through google.com and Google Maps. To get started, enter in the URL http://www.google.com/places. When it pulls up, you’ll be asked a few questions about your business so just enter this info in before proceeding. You’ll be able to edit this information later. If your business appears to be on the same street as another business, Google may ask you if the listing already exists. You should click either “Add Listing” or “Claim Listing.” Then you’ll be asked to input all the extra details about your business. You can upload videos, photos, and logos as well as enter in payment methods and hours. Hit “Submit” when you’re satisfied with what you’ve entered. Your next step will be to verify the listing you have created. You can verify via phone or mail. Phone is the recommended strategy since it’s faster and mail means waiting two to three weeks to receive verification. Once you’ve picked your method, click “Finish.” If you chose to verify by phone, a green box will appear that informs you Google is calling you. Don’t miss this brief but important call. Google is calling you to give you a pin number you will need to enter in to proceed. If you miss the phone call, you’ll have to contact Google again since it will likely not call you up again. Type in your pin in the field under “Your Businesses.” You should be finished at this point. Expect to see a confirmation page from Google and see your listing online in about a week.

Other Helpful Tidbits

Now that you have your account set up, you still may have a few remaining questions. For one, you may be concerned about how to optimize your listing so more Googlers will see it. You gain more viewers by adding as much info as possible to the listing. Include photos, business hours, a website link, and a description of your establishment. Your listing will be matched to more searches this way. You’ll also get better business if customers know they can go online to get directions, coupons, updates, and customer reviews. Fortunately, Google adds more information to your listing found from other website and online directories so some effort on your part is spared. To get more out of Google’s services, you can invest in AdWords, Google Earth, Street View, Panoramio, Google Analytics, and other Google apps. Now you should understand all the steps for knowing how to get on Google Places.

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World Environment Day

“Many Species. One Planet. One Future.” was the theme for World Environment Day 2010. A day celebrated by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) every year on 5th June. It was the day that United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference) began. The conference was from 5th-16th June 1972. It was the UN’s first major seminar on international environmental issues. This event marked a turning point in evolving a political awareness about the environment. 5th June 1973 was the first World Environmental day (WED) celebrated.

Annually on this very day an event, organised by UNEP, is hosted in a different city with a different theme. This year’s global host was Kigali, Rwanda. Rwanda is an African republic nation which has earned an immense respect for its environmental protection measures. It is regarded as a country of exceptional biodiversity, which makes it the most suitable host for this year’s WED, as UNEP is celebrating year 2010 as International Year of Biodiversity. Apart from this around the world many independent events are organised on this particular day for rising awareness about the environment.

World Environment Day is surely an educational affair for the particular city which hosts this event. A similar and much more popular event is Earth Day. It is celebrated every year worldwide on April 22nd. There are many more such events which are organised now and then throughout the year to develop and change the thinking of cosmopolitans towards the environment.

Apart from all these events the main objective still looks far from reach. Despite the efforts put by environmental activists for almost forty years, the effects of environmental ignorance are still out there. We are on the verge of seeing the catastrophic consequences of Global Warming. These events, like WED or Earth Day, are not motivating the industry to develop pollution-free technologies. Even if the governments have supported with the financial benefits for those who had worked for the betterment of environment, the world would have been much better place. Even if the awareness is created among the general public for environment, they have to use the same products which will result in pollution. Our environment will not be protected without the availability of cheap eco-friendly products. So, an event like World Environment Day is not more than a fun camp. These events are not going to mark a long lasting mark. We need considerably enhanced efforts.

India Spends Too Much On Its Defence

India is the largest importer of defence equipment in the world. Currently, India imports close to 70% of its weapons requirements largely from Russia, Israel, and more recently, the United States. The country’s defence expenditure will be around $112 billion by 2016. In July 2010, India signed a contract for six new submarines with Russia for $11 billion. It was the highest such contract in the south-Asia till now. Over the next one and a half year, India is going to buy 250-300 advanced fighter jets at a cost of $35 billion. India is building a $2.2 billion dedicated highly secure and state of the art optical fibre network for Indian Armed Forces. This will be one of the largest, closed user group networks for exclusive use for the million plus personnel of the Indian Armed Forces. Just on 9th of Jan 2011, some news came that India is in talks for defence contracts worth $8 billion with different foreign agencies. In the year 2009, India spent $36.3 billion as defence expenditure which was 2.6% of India’s GDP for FY 2008. In the same context, India’s neighbour and one of the enemies, Pakistan had spent $4.8 billion in 2009 as defence expenditure. Also, the share of this defence expenditure for Pakistan of its GDP was 2.6%. We know it very well that Pakistan is always blamed for over-spending for the defence purpose, plus it is facing clashes in its western border with Taliban. So, the natural question arises, is India spending too much on its defence, neglecting other sectors say education or infrastructure?

Apart from above data and facts, an interesting point is that Indian defence expense is calculated excluding several items, like the cost of ministry of defence, expenditure on military pensions which by itself amounts to 15% of the total defence outlay. Several other items like Jammu And Kashmir Light infantry (JAKLI) and the coast guards are also excluded. If we add all these missing items, India’s defence expenditure will be close to 3% of the GDP. If we compare India’s spending on education it is 4.1% of the GDP which stood at 81st rank in comparison with other nations. US are at 37th position with 5.7% and UK is at 46th with 5.3%. If we compare the global average it is 4.4%. Also, India is saying regularly for many years that India will increase its educational expenditure close to 6%. Not to mention, India had increased its defence budget close to 34% in 2010.

Now, if we see the same data presented above in a different way, the scene will be something else. Even though India is just spending 4.1% of its GDP on education, the average for central, east and south Asia is 2.8% only. India is sharing its border with two nuclear armed nations with whom it has territorial disputes and has gone to war over these issues in the past. India has nuclear deterrence but that does not mean neglecting its conventional forces. Also, one of our neighbours is undergoing its worse period of destabilisation and its nuclear asset falling in the hands of extremists cannot be ruled out. India has to prepare for such an eventuality and keep its options open.

As India is importing 70% of its weapon requirements, it has to pay close to 50% to 100% higher than usual price. In 2007, the Indian Air Force (IAF) signed a deal with Russia for a fast-track purchase of 40 Sukhois-30s for $1.6 billion. This amounted to $40 million per Su-30 fighter aircraft. However, a latest deal for an additional 40 Su-30 aircraft and two extra as replacements has been finalised for $4.3 billion. That amounts to roughly $102 million per SU-30 aircraft. Since the latest deal for 42 Sukhoi-30 aircraft is to be manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautical Limited (HAL) in India under licence from the Russian firm Irkutsk, it should be costing less. In fact, the increase in the price for Su-30 is close to 150 per cent with no additional enhanced features. The aircraft being manufactured by HAL does not have features such as the AESA (active electronically scanned array) radar. In comparison, the fifth generation American F-35 fighter planes have advanced features like AESA and cost roughly $100 million apiece. So, even though India is spending more than normal it is getting less.

After Bofors scandal in late 80s, there have been very few defence deals in India. More than 70% of inventories of Indian Armed Forces are 20-plus years of age, and needs to be replaced as well as augmented with the sophistication of modern technology. A major portion of India’s current defence budget is devoted to the ambitious modernization program of the country’s armed forces. Between 2007 and 2012, India is expected to spend about US$50 billion on the procurement of new weapons.

As India and China grow at a tremendous rate, sooner or later they will come into geopolitical conflict over resources to fuel their economies and the aspiration of more than 2 billion citizens of these countries. Therefore force projection will be an important factor in the coming future to ensure the uninterrupted supply of essential minerals, oil and gas, which both countries require in huge quantities.

Also, India is facing internal insurgencies in Jammu & Kashmir, Assam and several north eastern states. Plus blast and terrorist attacks, like 26/11 at several places needs to be keeping in check. And, who could forget the latest popular problem for India, Maoists? They are active in more than six states in India and have claimed lives of more than hundreds of Para-military personnel. There is a need for better hardware for the soldiers fighting this menace and all the hardware costs money.

It is true that India needs to develop itself as producer for these weaponries. This will certainly cost less. But, it will take both time and money to be in such a position. Currently, India has to make itself secure from contemporary threats. In spite of dangerous neighbours, India is still spending less than global average which is 2.7%. To be in a safe position, experts advocate that India needs to spend 3-3.5% of its GDP on its defence. The national security is vital for any nation. Currently, India is nowhere around China in terms of military power. But, it has to be in the position so that China never tries to trespass Indian territories again in the future. If we think at all the facts at the same time, keeping in mind that India has spent less in the past due to fewer pacts after Bofors, certainly India is not spending too much on its defence.

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